The prostate gland is one of the most important male organs, which has a significant impact on the functioning of the genitourinary system. Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate, it can be acute or chronic. Acute prostatitis is an infectious and inflammatory pathology, which is accompanied by a purulent lesion of the gland.
The disease is characterized by impaired erectile function and fertility, problems with urination and pain. Since the disease is very common, all men of reproductive age and older are advised to familiarize themselves with its symptoms. Signs of acute prostatitis in a patient are the reason to consult an andrologist as soon as possible.
Causes of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis is an infectious disease that affects all men over 30 years of age. Inflammation of the prostate can also occur against the background of congestion in the gland, but this is typical for patients of mature age, especially older than 50-60 years.
Various microorganisms can cause an inflammatory process: bacteria, fungi, protozoa. The most common causes of disease are the following microorganisms:
- tuberculosis bacillus;
- fungi of the genus Candida, etc.
Infection can appear in different ways, in most cases prostatitis occurs against the background of urethritis, cystitis. Pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the gland from neighboring tissues and cause inflammation. Also, the infection can spread through the bloodstream with tonsillitis, sinusitis, and even caries.
Of course, not every patient who suffers from caries or urethritis subsequently suffers from acute prostatitis. There are a number of provoking factors that increase the risk of an inflammatory process in the prostate:
- passive lifestyle;
- avitaminosis, monotonous diet;
- weak immunity;
- cessation of sexual intercourse, infrequent sex life;
- excessive sexual activity;
- alcohol abuse and smoking;
- varicose veins of the small pelvis;
- chronic constipation;
- chronic overwork, lack of sleep, stress.
If a man leads an unhealthy lifestyle, then the probability of any inflammatory processes increases significantly, because the weakened body is unable to fight infection on its own.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis in men is divided into several stages:
- catarrhal - mucosal damage;
- follicular - damage to the follicles in the prostate lobules with accumulation of pus;
- parenchymal - multiple lesions of the prostate lobule with abundant suppuration;
- Abscessing - formation of an extensive abscess.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis will depend on the stage of the disease. The more neglected the case, the more pronounced the symptoms, and the higher the risk of complications.
Acute catarrhal prostatitis is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- aching pain in perineum;
- frequent urination;
- slight increase in body temperature.
Acute follicular prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- dull, but rather pronounced pain radiating to the penis, anus;
- possible retention of urine, characteristic strong cramps during urination;
- constipation due to painful bowel movements;
- high body temperature, signs of intoxication;
- urine may appear cloudy.
Signs of acute parenchymal prostatitis and prostate abscess:
- Strong throbbing pain that spreads to the rectum, penis, lower back, perineum.
- Constipation, flatulence.
- Urinary retention.
- Very high temperature 39-39, 5 degrees.
- Nausea, headache, weakness, lack of appetite, chills.
Parenchymal prostatitis is a very serious disease. Prostate abscess is followed by the fusion of the abscess into a single entity with possible penetration into the rectum, urethra, scrotum or perineum. If measures are not taken at this stage of the disease, sepsis and death occur.
Treatment of acute prostatitis in men with drugs
The therapy of acute prostatitis is complex, but it is basically antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antifungal and antiviral drugs. The selection of drugs is made by the doctor after examining the patient, depending on the type of pathogen that has been identified.
It is worth noting that antibiotics are always prescribed, even if prostatitis is non-bacterial, because with such pathology there is a risk of bacterial infection with subsequent suppuration.
For the treatment of acute prostatitis in men, different groups of antibiotics are used, especially penicillins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, cephalosporins, less often tetracyclines.
You must understand that it is very difficult to choose an antibiotic yourself without being a specialist. If you choose the wrong drug and treatment regimen, the patient will only numb the disease for a while and cause the appearance of bacterial immunity to the drug. As a result, the treatment of acute prostatitis will be delayed and will require another course of antibiotics, which is very undesirable, because all drugs have side effects.
In the treatment of acute prostatitis, the patient must adhere to bed rest. In the initial stage of pathology, outpatient treatment is possible if the patient is cared for. When suppuration requires mandatory hospitalization.
If there is urine retention, a catheter is placed. With the formation of an abscess, the gland is opened and cleaned of pus, drainage is established. After stopping the acute process, physiotherapy, taking vitamins and immunomodulators are indicated.
Folk remedies for acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis is not a disease that should be treated with folk remedies, especially without the knowledge of a doctor. If the patient decides to heat the bacterial inflammation, the bacteria will start multiplying even faster, which will lead to the formation of an abscess and the need for surgery.
Some folk recipes can be used to strengthen general immunity, but only with a doctor's permission and in complex therapy. Examples of such funds:
- Rosehip decoction to saturate the body with vitamins and antioxidants;
- Chamomile tea for calming, healthy sleep, also chamomile has a mild anti-inflammatory effect.
- Use of freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices to activate the immune system.
During the treatment of acute prostatitis, traditional healers recommend eating light and low-fat food so as not to burden the sick body. The use of hot, salty, sweet causes increased pain due to irritation of the excretory system.
Since acute prostatitis causes constipation, you need to eat more fresh fruit, it contains fiber that thins the stool. At the same time, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of flour products, cereals, especially rice, and products with a high starch content.
Consequences of acute prostatitis in men
Acute prostatitis is a very insidious disease that can cause a number of serious complications. Even if the patient starts treatment in the initial stage of the pathology, there is always a risk of chronic prostatitis. Especially if the man continues to lead an unhealthy lifestyle.
Current forms of acute prostatitis cause the following complications:
- Prostate abscess with abscess opening, blood poisoning and death. Such a pathology may require removal of the prostate.
- Sclerosis of the prostate, that is, the formation of scars on the background of a long-term inflammatory process. This leads to the fact that the gland generally stops functioning.
- Stones in the prostate causing blockage in the gland.
- Prostate cyst. It provokes an increase in the body, it can tear.
- Inflammatory processes of the seminal vesicles, seminal tubercle, as a result, the formation of adhesions in the vas deferens.
- Impotence and various types of erectile dysfunction.
Complications can be avoided by taking preventive measures.
Prevention of acute prostatitis in men
To prevent acute prostatitis, you must follow the following recommendations:
- eat a varied diet, try to eat healthy food;
- give up alcohol, drugs and smoking;
- dress according to the weather, don't get cold and don't overheat;
- strengthen immunity;
- avoid spontaneous sexual relations, protect yourself with a condom;
- lead a regular sex life, but avoid excessive sexual activity;
- to avoid stagnant processes in the small pelvis, do exercises every day, lead an active lifestyle;
- do not take antibiotics and other medicines without a doctor's prescription;
- undergo an annual examination by an andrologist.
A healthy lifestyle and proper behavior are the best preventive measures for most acquired pathologies, especially those of an infectious nature.
Acute prostatitis is a frightening disease. If a person wants not only to keep his male power for the next few years, but also to prevent chronic pain, difficulty urinating, he should think about measures to prevent acute prostatitis from an early age. And if there is any pain in the pelvis, be sure to get yourself examined and undergo the treatment prescribed by your doctor.